Introduction Although a great deal of research focuses on adolescent cigarette

Introduction Although a great deal of research focuses on adolescent cigarette smoking, little is known about the process by which adolescents attempt to stop smoking. element including six strategies for coping with temptations. Analyses offered support for the concurrent, predictive, and create validity of the STCQ. In particular, the coping level score significantly predicted prospective duration of abstinence for adolescents who engaged in smoking cessation attempts. Conversation These results provide initial support for the energy of the STCQ. In addition, findings support the part of temptation coping in the adolescent smoking cessation process. Introduction Research shows that most adolescent smokers statement past-year cessation efforts (Bancej, OLoughlin, Platt, Paradis, & Gervais, 2007; Burt & Peterson, 1998; Myers & MacPherson, 2004; Sargent, Mott, & Stevens, 1998; Stanton, Lowe, & Gillespie, 1996; Sussman, Dent, Severson, SB-742457 Burton, & Flay, 1998). Given that teens rarely use formal treatment (Balch, 1998; Balch et al., 2004; Leatherdale & McDonald, 2005; Myers, MacPherson, Jones, & Aarons, 2007), unassisted efforts can be SB-742457 thought of as self-change attempts. Elucidation of adolescent smoking cessation self-change attempts may serve to inform treatment design, yet few studies have addressed this process. Recently, the social cognition model of adolescent addictive behavior self-change was proposed (Brownish, 2001; Brownish et al., 2008). With this model, self-change is definitely conceptualized like a two-phase process in which factors associated with initial attempts to change substance use (i.e., a cessation attempt) differ from SB-742457 those necessary to maintain behavior modify. Proposed influences within the maintenance of behavior modify following a cessation attempt consist of environmental and intrapersonal factors that boost or decrease motivation for maintaining modify (e.g., social support, nicotine dependence) as well as self-regulation variables that play a role in managing difficulties to abstinence (e.g., coping with temptations, impact management skills). Further, the relationship between maintenance motivation factors and self-change results are Rabbit Polyclonal to OR2B6 hypothesized to be mediated by self-regulation. Data from a recent study supported the first phase of this model for adolescent smoking cessation self-change (Myers & MacPherson, 2008). Resisting temptations to smoke has been identified as one of the important self-regulation challenges experienced by individuals who attempt smoking cessation (OConnell et al., 1998). Conditions that increase the risk for a lapse to smoking for adults include being in the presence of smokes, consuming alcohol, and experiencing bad impact (Bliss, Garvey, Heinold, & Hitchcock, 1989; OConnell & Martin, 1987; Shiffman, 1984; Shiffman et al., 1996). A well-developed body of study among adults offers exhibited that coping attempts in the face of temptations to smoke play an important role in the outcome of these situations. Evidence for the self-regulation function of temptation coping is definitely supported by study, demonstrating that such coping may support abstinence by reducing the strength of urges to smoke (OConnell, Hosein, Schwartz, & Leibowitz, 2007). Little research has resolved temptation coping for adolescent smoking. A single published report was recognized in which self-reported coping strategies were assessed for participants inside a school-based smoking cessation system (Jannone & OConnell, 2007). Consistent with adult studies, coping attempts were connected significantly with successful abstinence in the face of temptation to smoke. As with coping strategies, little is known concerning the characteristics of adolescent relapse-risk situations. The few relevant studies show that exposure to smoking is a frequent adolescent relapse-risk scenario (Falkin, Fryer, & Mahadeo, 2007) and that availability of smokes is definitely linked to lapse (Burris & OConnell, 2003). The paucity of obtainable information on adolescent temptation coping and the potential value of such knowledge for elucidating the smoking cessation process and informing treatment design highlight the need for further studies in this area. The present study represents an initial evaluation of a temptation-coping measure for adolescent smokers. Concurrent SB-742457 validity of the coping level was examined in relation to the situation appraisal variables included as part of the measure. Based on the transactional model of stress and coping (Lazarus & Folkman, 1984), we predicted that greater importance of.